According to a study published in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the skin, clothing and equipment of healthcare workers are routinely contaminated with respiratory viruses after patient care.

A total of 59 HCWs agreed to have their personal protective equipment, clothing, and/or skin swabbed for virus measurement.

Overall, 31% of glove samples, 21% of gown samples, and 12% of face mask samples were positive for virus. Among the body and clothing sites, 21% of bare hand samples, 11% of scrub samples, and 7% of face samples were positive for virus.