Several flavorings added to e-cigarettes and increasing the battery output voltage significantly increases the toxicity of these devices, according to research.
In this study, researchers exposed bronchial cells to aerosol generated from several variable-voltage e-cigarettes. They analyzed cell viability and activity as well as the release of inflammatory mediators. They evaluated six types of e-cigarette devices filled with liquids of different flavors — tobacco, pina colada, menthol, coffee and strawberry — at several battery output voltages. Their findings suggest that the power of the e-cigarette device, as well as the addition of any flavorings, significantly affect the toxicity of e-cigarette aerosol, with strawberry flavorings being the most toxic to users.
“Our study demonstrates that e-cigarette products differ significantly in the degree of their cellular toxicity to bronchial epithelial cells,” adds study’s senior author Maciej Goniewicz, PhD, PharmD. “These findings have important regulatory implications, because the features of e-cigarette products — such as the power of the device and the presence of flavorings — can be regulated and standardized. Additionally, users may want to reduce their potential harm by choosing products with lower toxicity profile and operating their devices at lower power settings.”