Cigar and pipe smoking is associated with a significantly increased risk for death from tobacco-related cancers, as well as cardiovascular causes, according to research published in JAMA Internal Medicine.

These findings were part of a study that showed any tobacco usesignificantly elevates mortality risk. “Tobacco products have changed in recent years,” Carol H. Christensen, PhD, MPH, from the Center for Tobacco Products at the FDA, and colleagues wrote. “Contemporary mortality risk estimates of combustible tobacco product use are needed.”

Christensen and colleagues examined the association between current and former use of cigars, pipes and cigarettes and mortality risks among the United States population using data from a longitudinal population-based, nationally representative health survey linked to the National Longitudinal Mortality Study.