Autopsy, airway suctioning and cardiopulmonary resuscitation are among the list of medical procedures that pose a risk of spreading COVID-19 from a patient to their healthcare provider by creating aerosols, according to new research published in the journal BMJ Open Respiratory Research.
The team, led by University of Alberta medicine professor Sebastian Straube, carried out a systematic review of public health guidelines, research papers and policy documents from around the globe to determine which procedures are classified as aerosol-generating.
“What we sought to do was to understand which procedures generate aerosols and therefore require a higher grade of personal protective equipment,” said Straube, who also heads the preventive medicine division of the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry.
“Where there is 80 per cent agreement from a number of different source documents, we are reasonably confident that, yes, the classification of these procedures as aerosol-generating is accurate.”
Straube recommended that further research be done on the short list of procedures for which they found no consensus, such as taking throat swabs.
The team of 19 Canadian, British, American and other researchers includes renowned Oxford University primary care expert Trisha Greenhalgh and first author Tanya Jackson, Straube’s research associate. They came together to share their expertise at the outset of the COVID-19 pandemic and have published rapid reviews on the efficacy of respirator masks versus standard surgical masks, eye protection and shoe covers.
“We are providing a summary of the evidence to inform policy-making decisions and guideline development,” Straube said.
An aerosol is a suspension of fine solid or liquid particles in air, Straube said. “Larger particles settle in a reasonably short distance, and are referred to as ‘droplets’ in the infection control context,” the paper states. “Smaller particles can travel as aerosols on air currents, remaining in the air for longer and distributing over a wide area.”