A survey conducted by the CDC reveals that clinicians offer smoking cessation help to COPD patients but fewer smokers without COPD do not get similar assistance.
More than half (58.6%) of surveyed current smokers with a diagnosis of COPD reported that they had been offered help to quit smoking during their last clinic visit, compared with one in three smokers (34%) without COPD, Gillian L. Schauer, PhD, and CDC colleagues wrote in the March issue of CHEST.
“Healthcare providers play a critical role in motivating and assisting their patients with smoking cessation, including those with COPD. Diagnosis of a tobacco-related chronic illness, like COPD, has been shown to increase cessation, and provides a ‘teachable moment’ for clinicians, since quitting can ameliorate symptoms.”
The researchers noted that the gold standard for smoking-cessation treatment in clinical practice is the “5As,” which consist of:
- Asking patients about their tobacco use;
- Advising them to quit;
- Assessing their readiness to do so;
- Assisting them in planning for and carrying out a quit attempt; and
- Arranging for follow-up to provide support and prevent relapse.
“Although the 5As have been shown to be an effective intervention to increase cessation, their use is still suboptimal,” the researchers wrote.